Can I say this?
The Last Supper is a memorial. It’s not a re-sacrifice of Christ. There are Protestant denominations who literally decry the Roman Mass… but in effect present the exact same terminology.
There’s a lot of teachings out there on the Passover, and it’s tie-ins to the crucifixion. It’s a major teaching, every Christian really should learn of it.
The evening before the Seder, we must prepare for it, searching by candlelight throughout the house to find one last bit of leavened bread. It is swept away by feather, and burned. This typifies the Word of God searching through your conscience, showing us our sinfulness and eventual end if we do not accept Christ. By repenting and being born again, the guilt of our sins is removed, and we are justified.
The Matzoh is bruised and perforated, like a scourged man. The wine cups represent the blood of Christ. In the middle of the Seder, wine is sprinkled once for every judgment, signifying the atoning blood of Christ.
The bitter herbs, meant to show the bitterness of slavery in Egypt, also show the bitterness we feel in that Christ was sacrificed for unworthy sinners such as ourselves.
One part of the matzoh is broken, then half is taken and hidden, not to return until the end of the Seder.
Salt water is on the seder table, and we dip the herbs into it to typify tears shed over our slavery in Egypt.
It also reminds us of, “I thirst.” And He would not drink.
The events of the last night and day of Jesus Christ are bound up in Temple service, in the Yom Kippur offering and service, Barabbas and the Lord are presented. The Lord is chosen as the offering, and Barabbas sent away, as the Azazel goat.
The Lord is presented to Annas first (being the legal High Priest) and then Caiaphas. They have examined Him, and found Him worthy as the offering – just like the Passover offering, a lamb without blemish.
49 And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all, 50 Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not. 51 And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation; 52 And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad. John 11:49-52 (KJV)
22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified. Matthew 27:22 (KJV)
Really, a lot can be written here. Pilate has watched the tumult at Jerusalem, which should have built into a fervor that resulted in the mob entering Fortress Antonio to seize Herod – which would have left Pilate in a quandry. He’d have to rescue Herod, and ship him to Rome, relieving him of a headache.
But the tumult died down, as if nothing had happened. He’d probably shaken his head and gone about his business.
Days later, he hears another tumult, and the Priests are bringing him a prisoner for judging. Who is this?
Pilate recognizes the same man, the crowds had exalted as King. He begins to question the Priests, and finds its a violateion of their myriads of ritual laws. He attempts to dismiss it…
and the crowd goes ballistic. The Roman guard would have moved into position, knowing Pilate. He is about to order that a large number of them be killed.
12 And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews? 13 And they cried out again, Crucify him. 14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him. Mark 15:12-14 (KJV)
Pilate can’t. He remembers the orders from Caesar – one more riot and Pilate will answer before Caesar’s judgment seat. So Pilate sends Him to Herod, hoping Herod will make his usual violent decision, and relieve Pilate of the responsibility. Pilate’s stress mounts as he recieves a message from his wife, the niece of Caesar, not to kill Jesus.
Herod questions the Lord, is mystified by the Lord’s silence, and orders Him sent back to Pilate.
Pilate, now seeking a way out of this, questions this prisoner. He hopes for some admission that can justify killing the Lord, or releasing Him. Pilate (not a patient man, but desperate to avoid another riot so soon after his warning from Rome) now speaks with the Lord.
33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews? 34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me? 35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done? 36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence. 37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. 38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all. John 18:33-38 (KJV)
Pilate attempts to appease the Jews, by haing Christ scourged. We know that Jewish law requires a maximum of forty lashes. We know that the Rabbi’s shortened it to 39, so that a mistake is not made.
What we fail to realize is that the Romans are not bound by Jewish law. They can whip Him with the flagellum as many times as desired.
Christ is scourged, a horrific event, and sent back to be exhibited to the crowd. Pilate is hoping that the crowd will be appeased by the sight of Him, bloody and beaten nearly to death. Pontius Pilate has underestimated the situation again.
5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man! John 19:5 (KJV)
The crowd demands Christ’s death. “הצלב אתו Ha’Tselev Ato! Ha’Tselev Ato!” They scream. “σταυρωσον αυτον!”
PIlate is well aquainted with the Hebrew words, as well as the Greek. He has ordered them many times himself, and heard the order repeated in Hebrew.
12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar. 13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! 15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar. John 19:12-15 (KJV)
Pilate is now painted into a corner. He has gotten an admission of loyalty to Caesar from the High Priests, and he sees their plan at last. If he does not kill an innocent man, the High Priests will denounce him to Caesar. “We pledged loyalty, and Pilate showed contempt for Rome!”
24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. 25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children. Matthew 27:24-25 (KJV)
Pilate’s wording shows that his time in Judea has not been wasted. He’s learned something of Jewish expressions and their language. The phrase was almost certainly said in Hebrew, and not Latin, or he would have used the Roman expression of, “His blood is on your head.”
“אנכי מדם הצדיק הזה אתם ראו”.
Anoki Medem ha’tzaddik hazeh atem’Ro!. I am innocent, it’s on you.
The people accepted it. Pilate was guiltless.
Does this mean the Jews are forever guilty of Regicide, and Deicide? Many Jews have been assaulted and even killed over the years for that reason.
34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots. Luke 23:34 (KJV)
These words purge all assembled, Jews and Gentiles alike, of any guilt of the murder of God our King. But their guilt from sin remained.
The irony is… the guilty were killing the innocent. And at the same time, the lamb was being slain at the Temple.
And they crucified the Son of God.