“Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary. And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly. Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God. But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.” (Hebrews 9:1–10, KJV)
Continuing on yesterday’s theme… we’re mostly concentrating on verses 6-10, and almost everything there we summed up yesterday.
Why do I gloss over verses 1-5? I’d have to deviate into a study of typology, and there’s been several, including John Bunyan, who’ve written on the typology of the Tabernacle and its furnishings. In many cases, since we’re simply theorizing based upon what we read, such typology is speculation, involving allegorical thought – and that’s a dangerous precedent.
The scene here compares Yom Kippur, the day of atonement, with Passover, the deliverance and flight from Egypt.
As an example of verifiable typology, let’s examine this. What was the last event, that caused Pharaoh to flip out and kick the Israelies out, with just 18 minutes to leave?
The death of the firstborn.
How do I know the time he gave them was eighteen minutes? There’s two ways to interpret it – it was 18 minutes after sunrise… or he literally gave them the order to leave immediately.
“You still haven’t explained the 18 minutes!”
Easy. The bread did not have time to rise. Water touching flour creates the leavening process only 18 minutes in.
Meaning the time between the order to leave, and Pharaoh’s change of heart was about 30-45 minutes. I see it as a blinding rage, over the death of his son. So, Pharaoh lost it, ordered the killing of the Israelites, headed out himself, and they all drowned.
Okay, returning to the death of the firstborn, The typology is this – every Israelite was to take a lamb, offer it as a sacrifice, offer the blood upon the doorposts as a visible sign. There was to be no more waffling over whether or not they belonged to God. Join to God or die. Turn… or burn. For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son…
WHOEVER offered the sacrifice to God on that night was spared, whether Egyptian or Jew. That Whosoever should believeth on Him….
and the Angel of Death passed over all those houses, sparing the firstborn. as a result, the law of the pinyan ha’ben was ordered – the need to redeem the firstborn from God. “The firstborn belongs to me.” SHall not Perish…
And in the morning, overcome with grief and rage, Pharaoh ordered them out of Egypt. Immediately. So they left on the journey that would bring them eventually to the promised land. Pharaoh changes his mind, and pursues them. They pass through the Red Sea, divided for them, on dry land. Teh waters closed in over the Egyptians slaying them, and the Israelites stood on the far shore, unharmed, delivered by the Lord. But have everlasting life.
Now you understand all those long speeches in Acts, huh?
Atonement is described, but not mentioned, in connection with the Passover. The Day of Atonement is serious. Jews do not eat or drink the entire day. Trust me, you’re afflicting your soul AND your body on Yom Kippur.
THe High Priest goes alone into the Temple to offer the sacrifices. Jesus enters into Heaven’s Holy of Holies to offer His own blood.
The doors are locked, so that no one else can enter and profane it. Jesus is in Heaven, where the offering cannot be profaned.
If the offering is accepted, the High Priest lives. If not, He dies. Jesus Christ, in order to make sure the offering is accepted for all men, dies… and then rises, so that all may live.
THe High Priesst then leaves the Holy of Holies, alive. Because of Christ’s sacrifice, we all have eternal life if we accept God’s free gift.
The Talmud records that the High Priest would be sealed into the Temple by using a red cord. If the cord changed color, the offering was accepted. If not, it remained red. THe Talmud bears witness that it did indeed changne color.
However, it also bears witness that 40 years before the destruction of the tepmle in 70 AD, the cord stopped changing color. That was the year 30 AD.
The same year Jesus Christ was crucified. THe red cord stopped changing because the ritual was done in Heaven.
What is on earth passes away. The offering of the Yom Kippur sacrifice is temporary, because the offering disappears. Even if it were not burned, it would become corrupt and decay, and soon vanish away.
What is in heaven does not pass away.
So, for the Hebrew Roots/Messianic follower… why return to the human High Priest, when you could have the heavenly?