2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; 4 And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead: 5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name: 6 Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ: 7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. Romans 1:2-7 (KJV)
Back in November and December, I talked about Bible study, and explained how to do it. Yesterday we examined a single verse in Romans, and dug deep into it, so you could see how it’s done.
Let’s refresh what tools you should be using – and keep this in mind, this is a LOT more affordable now than it was in the days of Charles Spurgeon, who said. “If you have two shirts, sell one and buy books.”
Yuo should have a concordance. Yes, I’m sure everyone’s got one.
A Bible dictionary or encyclopedia. To avoid the constant textual criticism and disbelief you read in these things, the only one I really recommend is the Way of Life Encyclopedia by David Cloud. It also has the Bible dictionary built in. I’d have liked to see the two separated into a more exhaustive Bible dictionary, but if you’d like that feature, the Webster’s 1828 is almost worshipped by Independent Baptist Pastors. It’s available standard in the King James Pure Bible Search program, Swordsearcher, and also Bible Analyzer.
In cases you haven’t paid attention, I’ve recommended Bible analyzer as something every Christian should own. That’s a no kidding comment. If there’s one billion Christians on the planet (highly doubt that) Mr. Morton should have seen one billion downloads of his program.
You should have cross references, the Treasury of Scripture Knowledge, probably a Torrey’s Topical Bible, and a computer – since all ths software does no good in cd-roms just sitting around. And everything I’ve mentioned is freee except Swordsearcher and the Way of Life Encyclopedia.
All right, let;s use these tools.
How do you read it and understand it? You just read it. The Holy Ghost gies you the understanding.
How do you study it? Well, that’s different!
verse 2 gives us very briefly a lead-in to 1 Cor. 15. I knew that one right off the bat, but apparently it missed the author of the TSK (I’m told that R. A. Torrey did not write the TSK, but in Wordsearch, it shows him as the author).
1, Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;
2, By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
3, For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
4, And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:
5, And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:
6, After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.
7, After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.
8, And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one3 born out of due time.
You’ll notice formatting changes as I switch Bible programs to highlight and copy different passages. I sometimes have four Bible programs open when doing study, due to the different tools. King James Pure Bible Search is the fastest for seeing the Webster’s, Bible Analyzer has tools none of the others have, and I’ve got the largest library in Wordsearch, except for heretical translations, of which I’ve got an armful in Quickverse.
How did I get 1 Cor. 15? Simple – I’ve been to Seminary! They’ll always tell you that this verse is the Gospel in a nutshell!
Let me go off briefly on a tangent. Ruckmanites are quick to tell you about Ken Blue (apparently not a Ruckmanite), who supposedly has refuted the Baptist Brider position. I was interested in that, due to the fact I was attending a Baptist Brider seminary, and all the constant references to alien baptism etc was driving me absolutely up a wall. Ken Blue rather arrogantly proclaims that not one Baptist Brider has ever been able to answer the question, “What is the Gospel?”
Um… the pastor who taught at my seminary did. Right there. 1 Cor. 15. If you’re going to take exception with someone’s doctrine, that’s great – but make SURE of your facts before you do it. Pastor Blue has given himself a black eye so to speak, because I also listen sometimes to an Australian pastor in the United States who is a brider, and last night the sermon I listened to was on… the Gospel. And he immediately brought up 1 Cor. 15.
Okay! Back on to how to study this!
You should be able to notice that the Gospel is given briefly in 1 Cor. 15, and is repeated in Romans 1:2-5. It’s been said that our witnessing should follow the format of Romans. If that’s the case, then what we’ve been doing for 50 years as Christians is insufficient – we’ve given them only the lead-in and that’s it.
The gospel was prophesied of, Romans 1:2 tells us. Once I started putting online all of the verses that prophesy of Jesus Christ – and promptly watched my stats plummet to about 20 people a day. Sad. Every Christian should KNOW the citations of at least TWO prophecies of Jesus Christ in the Old Testament. Want two right off the top of my head? Psalm 22 and Isaiah 53. Isaiah 7:14. Did those three pop in your head? I’m telling you, they should have.
If those passages di dnot immediately pop in your head, your level of study is in the “F” rainge, if I was grading you. Probably a good thing I’m not doing an online Bible institute!
Verse 3 almost requires a study of Jewish culture to really make sense. Since Paul is writing to Gentiles, I can pretty much say authoritatively this would have been explained in detail to the Gentiles in every church what this means.
Christ means Messiah. Verse 3 speaks of Jesus the Messiah being the son of David. Why? Because you can’t be the Messiah unless you’re a descendant of King David! The Messiah must be a descendant of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Judah, King David.
“According to the flesh.” What dies this mean?ï
14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. John 1:14 (KJV)
Jesus Christ is God, in Human Flesh. He is wholly God and Wholly Man. Not a 75-25 split. 100% and 100%. Incidentallly, NONE of the early Christological heresies involved a denial of the deity of Jesus Christ – what they had was a denial of the human element of Jesus Christ, as the mystery religions spoke of the flesh being evil and the spirit being good. So as Mithraic, Gnostic and Zoroastrians came into Christianity, they often added the Gospel to a mindset inspired by their false religions. Coptic Christians were mostly Gnostic.
Seeing how Alexandria, Egypt was a hotbed of Coptics, Gnostics and Arians by the middle of the 3rd century AD, that’s another good reason to refuse modeern Bible translations, by the way.
Verse 4. Let’s look up some words!
POW’ER, n. [The Latin has posse, possum, potes, potentia. The primary sense of the verb is to strain, to exert force.] Webster’s 1828.
4 And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead: Romans 1:4 (KJV)
The exertion of power proceeds from the will, and in strictness, no being destitute of will or intelligence, can exert power. Webster’s 1828
That’ll learn ya not to just read a verse “declared to be blah blah blah the dead.” THINK about that! Dwell on that a little! Power! δύναμις Dunamis in Greek! I know it’s pronounced Du’eenamis, but i’m giving you the shorthand! Good catch for those who practiced their lessons on dipthongs.
The declaration in power, of Jesusn Christ being the son of God – that declaration being the ressurection of the dead. Who declares it? The Holy Ghost! Contrary to Benny Hinn’s best selling work of fiction “good morning holy Spirit”, the Holy Spirit does not speak or testify of itself – Benny Hinn’s greeting the wring Spirit. The Spirit testifies of the Son, not itself. Something we might want to think about in our own witnessing attempts. Keep drawing attention to Jesus Christ.
To constitute obedience, the act or forbearance to act must be in submission to authority; the command must be known to the person, and his compliance must be in consequence of it, or it is not obedience. Webster’s 1828
As we look at the next verse, let’s look at the word obedience. Verse 5 is referring to Paul and the Apostles. How do I know that? You read my breakdown on the word Apostle, right?
“The obedience to the faith” referes to who? The next words! “Among all nations.” This means the Apostles are obedient to prooclaim it among all nations.. but the selfsame nations (That word in Jewish culture means Gentiles – Goy, nation, Goyim, nations) must be in obedience to the faith. Go into all the nations and make disciples.
I really should write on discipleship v. salvation. Most Christians are saved (in this day and age, I’ll go so far as to say that only ten percent of people who call themselves Christians are saved), but VERY few are disciples.
14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful. Revelation 17:14 (KJV)
31 And Jesus answering said unto them, They that are whole need not a physician; but they that are sick. 32 I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance. Luke 5:31-32 (KJV)
32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. John 12:32 (KJV)
By comparing Rev. 17, Luke 5 and John 12 – just to cite three references! – we see that anyone who responds are the called. The chosen is the Jews, but the called is Jews and Gentiles alike. I could go on for hours on that topic. This is where Calvinism misses the point, by assuming that a mythical, invisible, Universal church replaces Israel. The concept of the chosen is left over, like a mixed fraction or something. So then they have to assume that only certain people are called AND chosen. And that completely contradicts the Bible.
Some Lessons about Election for Salvation: 1. Election is based on God’s foreknowledge (1 Pe. 1:2). 2. Election means God planned man’s salvation before the creation (Eph. 1:5,11). It means God, by his foreknowledge, has predestinated the Christian to a glorious future (1 Pet. 1:2-4; Rom. 8:29-30). It is not who is predestinated, but what we are predestinated to. 3. Election does not mean God arbitrarily chooses who will be saved and who will not be. He has revealed that He wants all men to be saved (2 Pet. 3:9). (Way of Life Encyclopedia)
Verse 7! One last to look at!
25 As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. Romans 9:25 (KJV)
12 Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering; 13 Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye. Colossians 3:12-13 (KJV)
3 According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: 2 Peter 1:3 (KJV)
4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father: Galatians 1:4 (KJV)
That was just four verses out of about 18 or so listed for this verse in the TSK.
Real Bible study takes some time. I remember how I opened Philemon in Accordance and studied every word in Greek, and it was a rich study. I know that my Greek skills are not what they should be. But that was the kind of study any of you could do – just looking up the root Greek words (called the Lemma) in Strongs.
This article took over an hour to write, because of all the study I did. Basically, this was my Bible study today and I just dragged you all along with me. How far would you get in 15 minutes of study?
one verse. A chapter of 30 verses would take you a month.
But that’s one chapter more than you have done up till now! Get busy!